Driving around the Kent countryside one can not help, but notice, the oast; a building designed for drying hops, as part of the brewing process. The oast consisted of two or three storeys, on which the hops were spread out to be dried by hot air from a wood or charcoal-fired kiln at the bottom. The drying floors were thin and perforated to permit heat to pass through and escape through a cowl in the roof which turned with the wind. Hops were picked from hops gardens by gangs of pickers, who earned a fixed rate per bushel. The green hops were put into large hessian sacks, called pokes, and the pokes were taken to the oast. Some oasts had a man-powered hoist, (a pulley and rope) used to hoist the green hops to the drying floor. Green hops had a moisture content of 80%, which needed to be reduced to 6%. The drying floors were 1 1/4 inch square battens nailed at right angles across the joists so there was a gap between each batten and this was covered with a horsehair cloth. The hops would be spread 12 inches deep, the kiln doors closed and the fire lit. Routinely, the men would have to turn over the hops, by walking across the boards and raking it over, in order for the hops to dry properly. What a hot and dangerous job that would have been! When the hops were judged to be dry, the furnace would be extinguished and the hops removed from the kiln using a scuppet, a large wooden shovel. The hops would then be spread out on the stowage floor to cool and afterwards be pressed into large jute sacks, called pockets, with a hop press. The pockets were then sent to market where the brewers would buy them and use the dried hops in the beer process to add flavor and act as a preservative. Next time you are in a local English pub and see the yellow-brownish, weedy, looking rope, strung about the ceiling and hearth, you’ll know you are looking at picked hops! Enjoy that beer!
This is the last day of the Photography 101 Challenge. It has been fun and I have learned a lot! Today’s theme is Triumph, to create a dramatic effect of some sort by using contrast. Here is my last entry! These are pictures I took in Orvieto, Italy, a city of contrasts, from the cobbled lanes, the abundance of beautiful woodcuttings, to the underground city! Enjoy!
Two old friends in conversation and relaxing with wine in Charleston, South Carolina! The Double Duo! Today’s assignment twosie’s! Notice the bottle tree? It is believed that the spirits are dazzled by the colors of the bottles in the sun. Once they enter the bottle, they can’t find their way out, much like flies. Legend had it that empty glass bottles placed outside the home could “capture” roving (usually evil) spirits at night, and the spirit would be destroyed the next day in the sunshine. Enjoy!
Edge, is today’s focus for Photography 101. These pictures of the Castle at Cesky Krumlov has lots of edges, every which way! The castle was built in 1240 by the Witigonen family, the main branch of the powerful Rosenberg family. These large blocks that make up the exterior of the castle are fake! It is a smooth exterior with the blocks and reliefs painted on! That painter must have had a very straight edge! Enjoy!
Today’s theme is Glass, for Photography 101. I love to take pictures of shop windows, but alas when I get too close to the glass all I get is glare! Or a rather strange picture of me!!!! Any tips to remedy this? Anyone?
So here we are outside the Christmas Shop in Broadway, UK. Enjoy, looking through the glass! From far way!
To me a real treasure is finding a great cup of coffee on my travels! This was Budapest’s contribution! Enjoy!
A fairy tale village in the south bohemian region of the Czech Republic. I’ll be writing many posts about it, it was so beautiful! Stay tuned!
Todays assignment. Swarm: To fly off together in a group, to move in great numbers. I hate swarming! I hate big groups and trying to wedge myself into the melee to get a picture! The road I was traveling on was blocked off. What? What is going on? I might as well get out and take a look see. I wiggled my way into the crowd along the street. “What are we waiting for?” I asked the policeman. “The Tour de France is coming through town,” he replied.
OMG! Where is my camera? Swoosh, swoosh, and they’re here and gone just like that! Two seconds and gone! The Ultimate Swarm! Enjoy!
Need I say more? Today the photo is all about Movement! Click fast and Enjoy!
I LOVE ARCHITECTURE! I am always amazed by texture, shapes, curves, color, and style. These are my pictures for today, all taken in Bruges, Belgium, a great city for architecture!
Part of our assignment was to convert a picture to black and white to bring out the features of the architecture.
I always look for unusual ironwork and lighting fixtures when I travel. It can be very intricate, as shown here.
This picture reveals great architecture in the buildings, stonework and ironwork. I was lucky to get all three in one shot! First the picture in color, and following, the same picture in black and white.
I particularly like to photograph unusual buildings arranged at odd angles. This was the beautiful restaurant called the Vlaamsche Pot. The architecture drew me to it, but in addition, the food was fabulous! Notice the lighting sconce? The pops of color? Throw in foliage and bicycles! Perfect!